Fujisan's Kyareng

Sunday, December 12, 2010

China's Peace Prize - Joke of the Year 2010

Chinese communist leadership in their desperate attempt to play down the Nobel Peace Prize to Liu Xiaobo and to snub the Norway's century old Nobel Peace Prize tradition, constituted their own version 'Confucius Peace Prize' in three weeks time in great frenzy.

The prize was conferred to Mr. Lien Chan, former vice president of Taiwan for his service in bridging peace between Taiwan striate and the mainland. Among the nominees were Bill gates, Nobel Laureates like Nelson Mandela and Jimmy Carter, and the Chinese version of Tibetan Panchen Lama.

In a great rush to hijack the limelight from Oslo, the ceremony was done a day before the Norway's Noble day. But to the dismay of the leadership and its cohorts, Mr. Lien Chan did not appear to receive the Prize. According to the media report, Lien Chan said that he was not aware of such Prize and has no plan to visit Beijing to receive any Prize. When their staged performance failed to give the desired effect, the leadership ordered blackout of CNN and BBC TV channels during Oslo's Nobel ceremony.

One of my Chinese friends was so shocked and exclaimed, "This is the biggest political joke of the year! How can they stoop so low! I beg the communist leadership not to make fool of Chinese civilization."

With the constitution of this Prize, communist leadership has shown what Peace and Human rights actually mean in China. The prize is blasphemy not only to the great philosopher Confucius; it is insult to all the eight nominees of the prize. How long will China continue like this? By locking Liu Xiaobo in prison, China has opened the heart of all for Liu Xiaobo. You can lock the people in prison but not their mind. And revolution starts in mind.

Thursday, December 9, 2010

What His Holiness Said

Following is what His Holiness the Dalai Lama said during His November visit to Japan. [6th - 16th November 2010]

To a congregation of Japanese Monks
We are all free to make our choice. It is not necessary to become a monk to become a good practitioner. But if you decide to become a monk and take the required vows, then you must sincerely live and practice as defined in the vows. Putting on monk's robe without actually practicing is not going to help you, and the society and the Buddha Dharma.

On Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Hiroshima and Nagasaki cities will live throughout the history to remind the humanity of the destructive nature of nuclear weapons and wars. May these two cities be the first and the last places to witness the weapons of mass destruction.

On Disarmament
When we talk of disarmament; we tend to focus on external factors only. While external disarmament is necessary, real disarmament should start from internal disarmament. We should first disarm ourselves from hatred and anger in our heart, and try to find peace within ourselves, only then the external disarmament will work.

To Japanese Youngsters
Young Japanese should know that they are in a good position to learn, acquire knowledge and contribute to the society. Unfortunately, we hear many are depressed and suicide case is high. You need to look at life from a broader perspective. There are many who are placed in a less unfortunate state, thinking only about yourself and Japan may be suffocating. So go out and see what you can do, the world is waiting for you. But in order to contribute meaningfully, you should learn English.

On his English
My English is broken English, but even this broken English is very useful. It enables me to communicate with many people.

On the problems in this World
The world and the governments belong to people. Problem comes when some leaders thinks the other way round.

Saturday, October 23, 2010

China Must Stop Sinicization of Tibetan Education

Imposition of Chinese language as medium of instruction in Tibetan schools in Tibet is going to be the last straw to break the Tibetans' patience. Chinese government is going too far in their sinister design to exterminate the Tibetan language and culture. When the 50 years of their brutal and oppressive rule failed to subjugate the Tibetans, they are now up with this dreadful policy to eradicate the very nerve and fabric of Tibetan identity that keeps the Tibetan united, resilient and peaceful.

When the free world is doing its best to preserve the dying culture and languages, China is trying to kill the language, which is not only the life and soul of the Tibetan civilization but also the indispensable medium that has kept the profound teaching of Buddha alive to this day.

Tibetan language is among the richest languages in the world. Tibetan epic, King Gesar of Ling [Ling gesar gyalpoi drung] is believed to be the longest written epic poem with 120 volume in more than one million lines and more than 20 million words. Indian mythological epic, Mahabarata, and Japanese Genji Monogatari by Murasaki Shikibi comes next to this Tibetan epic in terms of volumes. Richness of the language could be understood from the fact that it has 108 connotative words for 'sun' [nyima] and 36 for 'moon' [dawa].

It is also believed that per capita book written is highest in Tibet. The country had produced large number of Buddhist, Bon and lay literatures despite its sparse population.

Communist authority must be thinking that by destroying Tibetan language and religion they can assimilate the Tibetans into the Han majority culture; this is a very shortsighted and wrong vision. The world and the history will never forgive them if they commit this sacrilegious against Tibet, one of the respected ancient civilizations in the world.

I hope and pray that Chinese leadership listen to the demonstrating students and think twice before implementing such ominous crime against civilization.

Friday, October 22, 2010

A Fortuneteller's Tale

I saw an interesting, yet a funny news piece on television last time. This real life incident happened in Russia recently. A young unemployed man goes to consult a lady fortuneteller [a mystic], who seems to be quite popular in the neighborhood. The lady meticulously observes his hand with a magnifying glass, she also consult tarot cards. After sometime, she lifts her face, little surprised and dismayed too. She tells the young man that he needs to be careful about his conduct otherwise he will soon find himself behind the bar – a prison.

The young man gets angry and demands for further details as to how he would land into a prison. The lady tells him to calm down and says this "how" aspect could not be explained. The young man gets agitated and violent. He began to hit the lady and bang the tables and the things around. The clients waiting in line inform the police and the young man was taken in police custody. What an accurate foretelling!!

Sunday, October 17, 2010

Japanese Numbers and Counting System

Japanese numbers have some similarity with Tibetan numbers. Except for number 6, 7 and 8 [roku, shichi and hachi,] sound of first ten basic digits and multiple of tens are almost same. But when it comes to counting the material objects, Japanese system is very complex compared to Tibetans'.

Japanese counting system is one of the most intricate aspects of Japanese language. Based on the shape of the material objects, the counting system differs. Objects that can be perceived in length are counted as ippon, nihon, sanbon, yonhon etc., flat items in ichmai, nimai, sanmai, etc. For small things, it is ikko, niko, sanko etc. Then you have ikken, niken, sanken for buildings and itto, nito, santo etc. for big objects. There are series of counting system based on what item you are counting.

What interested me was the whole number 4 and 7 in Japanese. First ten whole numbers are counted as; ichi, ni, san, shi, go, roku, shichi, hachi, kyu and ju. But they have yon and nana, which is equally used for shi and shichi. I usually use shi and shichi when counting. Many Japanese also do the same. But there are many who use yon and nana.

There is a Karate dojo in my neighborhood where some twenty to thirty people practice together every evening, the participants are required to count from one to ten, sometime to twenty in turn in a loud voice for each karate punch, kick and other techniques being practiced. I observed that 70 percent uses shi and shichi, while the remaining people use yon and nana. Now, interesting things is those who use yon for shi also uses nana for shichi. Likewise the people who use shi use shichi only. It is never mixed or crisscrossed.

I surmised that early schooling and the family environment might be behind this habit. Other possible reason for those using yon and nana may be that they wanted to avoid the sound shi, because the sound shi is associated with death. Many Japanese tends to avoid number four in their daily life. But this I find it very odd, because the sound 'shi' is also associated with teacher, poetry, city, title etc. Why be so particular about death!

I raised this riddle with my Japanese friends and acquaintances to dispel my dilemma. Some said they have not seriously thought about this. Some said, shi and shichi are onyomi [Chinese way of reading] and yon and nana kunyomi [Japanese way of reading]. Some said yon is for [ 四] when Japanese character is written and shi is for Arabic number 4. But there was no consensus among the people I inquired as to the public preference of shi for yon and shichi for nana or the vice versa. I think there is more to it.

Wednesday, October 13, 2010

Interesting Comment on Life

Here is an interesting comment on life by His Holiness the Dalai Lama. Its funny and interesting, and very real. It says "Men work hard to amass wealth and in the process losses his health, but when he has enough wealth, he has lost his health. So he spent what has earned to regain the lost health. Man live and think of a long future, and fails to live the present. When they are on a death bed, they lament that they have never lived..."
To see the full comment, here is the blog link. It is in French, you will need to have the web translate it into English.
http://magnoug.blogspot.com/2009/12/on-demande-au-dalai-lama.html

Tuesday, October 12, 2010

China Needs to Open up

Tokyo: [Monday, 11 October 2010] His Holiness the Dalai Lama said that the Chinese leadership needs to accept the reality and open up. At a brief stop at Tokyo Narta on His way to schedules in US and Canada, His Holiness the Dalai Lama was interviewed by Japanese television NHK and Kyodo Tsushin . He said the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize to Chinese dissident, Mr. Liu Xiaobo is timely and appropraite. For full report visit :
http://www.tibet.net/en/index.php?id=1890.&articletype=flash&rmenuid=morenews&amps&tab=1#TabbedPanels1

Monday, October 11, 2010

Nobel Peace Prize for Liu Xiaobo

by Khawaripa Taro, [9th October 2010, Sat]

Tokyo: This year's Nobel Peace Prize to Chinese human right activist Liu Xiaobo is a clear message to Chinese communist party government that call for democracy and human right cannot be suppressed with brute force for long. China sees Liu as a criminal fit to remain shut in prison. While the World see him as a positive icon of peace, democracy and human right. This shows the real nature of the Communist regime, which had kept its people suppressed for so long.

The award has also opened the eyes of the Chinese people to the true color of the Communist government. When Dalai Lama of Tibet was awarded 1989 Nobel Peace Award, the Communist government denounced the award and instigated the Chinese people that it was a western nation's ploy to destabilize China, and that Dalai Lama was a separatist. Chinese people who had no source of information other than the government's believed it and condemned the award.

But this time it is different; the award was given to a Chinese who had sincerely fought for freedom, democracy and human right in China. Liu Xiaobo is well known to the Chinese public, he is their hero. Now that their hero is honored with the same Noble Peace Prize that Dalai Lama received twenty years ago, Chinese public has realized what the award really meant. I dawned on them how the Communist government deceived them for all these years. They are now more informed who the real 'separatist' is!!

Recent speech by Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao extolling the principle of democracy and freedom of speech is really encouraging. Such positive change in the attitude of Chinese leadership is what is needed to achieve the goal of harmonious society of President Hu Jinatao. It is high time the Communist leadership realizes that they cannot go on suppressing the people's aspiration for freedom and democracy in the land. They should welcome and honor Dalai Lama and Liu Xiaobo to rebuild a prosperous China where the ideals of freedom and democracy is respected as enshrined in the Chinese constitution.

Media black out, suppressing the celebrating citizens and house arrest of Liu's wife; these kind of reactions will only tarnish the image of China abroad and hinder the progressive march to a prosperous democartic China.

Liu Xiaobo's "I have no enemies: my final statement"
http://lawprofessors.typepad.com/china_law_prof_blog/2010/02/liu-xiaobo-i-have-no-enemies-my-final-statement.html

His Holliness the Dalai Lama's Message
http://lawprofessors.typepad.com/china_law_prof_blog/2010/02/liu-xiaobo-i-have-no-enemies-my-final-statement.html

Friday, October 1, 2010

A Tibetan Writer Attends Tokyo International PEN Congress

Mr. Kunthar, a Tibetan writer and translator from Dharamsala, India attended the 76th International PEN Congress in Tokyo. [23rd - 30th September]. Around 600 writers from 128 countries attended the conference. The Theme of the conference was "The Environment and Literature - What can words do?"
For Full report click :
http://www.tibet.net/en/index.php?id=1866.&articletype=flash&rmenuid=morenews&amp&tab=1#TabbedPanels1

Tuesday, August 24, 2010

Summary of the Book : A Tibetan Revolutionary

A TIBETAN REVOLUTIONARY, (The Political Life and Times of Bapa Phuntso Wangye)
by Melvyn C. Goldstein, Dawei Sherap, and William R. Siebenschuh
University of California Press, 2004

Summary of the book
Bapa Phuntsok Wangye, born in Jan 1922 at Batang, he was deeply inspired by the situation at Kham and the heroic exploits of Kesang Tsering and his uncle, Lobsang Dhondup around that time. He went to Nanjing at the age of 14 to study. Formed first secret Tibetan Communist Party in 1939. Expelled from the school for communist activity in 1940. He contacted Soviet Embassy in Chongqing for possible help and training to start a socialist revolution in Kham (Xikang). He made effort to contact Chinese communist party also. Eventually in 1942 he returned to Kham to spread the communist activities to overthrow the Chinese warlord Liu Wenhui in Kham. Soon the Chiang Kaishek people suspected him and he fled to Tibet. Inspired by Yuthok, Governor-General of Chamdo, he went to Lhasa to initiate reform in Tibetan Kashag. In Lhasa he formed Tibetan Snowland Communist Revolutionary Association (ÇKP-¿YôP-zôh-¼ÛGÅ-GÝP-Fm-¼ÛP-¾ÞGÅ-Gż-zXï-±ôGÅ-VßP.ü).
But from the cabinet ministers, except for Surkhang’s (32 at that time) initial interest he did not receive any positive response. Later he asked for Tibetan Government’s support for weapons and ammunitions to start guerrilla warfare in Kham. The plan was to establish a Tibetan rule in Batang, and then expand it to all Kham. Last part of the program was to merge the new Kham with Tibet proper, creating a single unified Tibet. But the Lhasa government contended that Japan would rule over China, so there is no fear from Chinese attack. No help was rendered then. In 1944, Phunwang with Ngawang Kesang left for Kalimpong to see if Indian Communist party could help them.

In 1945, he left for Chamdo to start armed revolution. He met Gombo Tsering of Dechen who had a similar idea of self-rule in Kham. They formed “Eastern Tibet People’s Autonomous Alliance”. However, before they could do any concrete revolutionary activities, Wang Wenjun and his men (GT’s rival though a close relative) assassinated Gombo Tsering. Pursued by Wang Wenjun’s men and Gomindang, Phunwang fled to Tibet in 1947. Working as a teacher he resumed his revolutionary work in Tibet with the progressive local aristocrats Shokhang, Janglojen, and Kapshopa Sey. Tredong sey was out of Lhasa at that time.

In 1949, it was becoming clear that Chinese Communist would triumph over the Nationalist, and the Lhasa government was very nervous about the prospect of atheist socialist ruling China. While Phunwang was planning to leave for Kham to join the socialist revolution, the Tibetan government expelled him for being a communist. He joined the Communist movement with a view that the best way to bring change to Kham and Tibet was by working with the Chinese Communist Party. In Batang, Liu Wenhui surrendered and Batang was liberated.

In 1950, he met Deng Xiaoping, Liu Bochen, and He Long, the highest-ranking officials in the Southwest Bureau and the leaders in charge of the coming liberation of Tibet. He was assigned with Zhang Guohua, the commander of the 18th Army to enter Tibet to discuss peaceful liberation of Tibet. Despite many efforts, when the Tibetan government instead of sending delegation was sending officials to India, the 18th Army crossed the Drichu River and invaded Chamdo. Ngabo, the then governor-general along with ten thousand troops were captured. Through Ngabo, they urged the Tibetan government to send delegation to Beijing to discuss peaceful liberation of Tibet. Thubden Lengmon, Sampo Sey, Commander in Chief Kheme and Lhautara joined Ngabo to Beijing. On 1951, May, 23, Seventeen-Point Agreement was signed.

The main force of the 18th Army arrived in Lhasa on October 26, 1951, under the command of Zhang Guohua. Later in December, another troops from Northwest Bureau under the command of Fan Ming arrived. So Lhasa had troops and officials from both the Northwest and Southwest Bureaus. The two Bureaus had lot of differences as to how liberation of Tibet was to be conducted. Fang Ming supported Panchen faction and showed Great Han Chauvinism attitude. Against the central government’s policy he tried to rush reforms in Tibet.

In 1953, Phunwang was sent to Beijing with a delegation of Tibetan religious leaders attending the inaugural meeting of the Buddhist Association of China. He was, however, kept in Beijing after the tour on Fan Ming’s insistence. In 1954, both the Dalai Lama and the Panchen Lama were invited to participate in the National People’s Congress. Phunwang acted as an interpreter for Dalai Lama and Mao. In one incident, regarding Tibetan national flag, Mao said, “That is no problem. You may keep your national flag. In the future, we can also let Xinjiang have their own flag, and Inner Mongolia, too. Would it be okay to carry the national flag of the PRC in addition to that flag?” To which the Dalai Lama is said to have nodded his head, indicating "yes". This comment by Mao implied that in the future some nationalities, like Tibet, Xinjiang, and Inner Mongolia, could get the same system as that of Soviet Union, while the other smaller ones would get autonomy. Liu Geping, a senior official in the State Nationalities Affairs Commission also had the same opinion.

In March 1956, Phunwang accompanied Vice Premier Chen Yi to Lhasa to represent the central government at the inauguration of the Preparatory Committee for the Tibet Autonomous Region. Phunwang observed that despite Chen Yi’s moderate comments and reassurances about reforms, and his expressions of respect and admiration for Tibetan culture, the atmosphere within the Tibet Work Committee was not good. During the summer of 1955, Chariman Mao moved to the left and was saying that China was lagging behind the reforms. Fang Ming took this to mean rush reforms in Tibet also.

Just when he was about to leave with Chen Yi for Beijing, he received a report that reforms in Kham had encountered some problems and that the Beijing want him to go to Kham to investigate the problem and report to Beijing. He found that reforms in Kham were done poorly and in a rush without any discussion with the upper-strata Tibetan. Zhang Xiaomong, the Han Chinese who headed the investigation group sent from Lhasa also confirmed this finding. Liu Geping was sent to Kham to correct the mistakes. Zhou Enlai sent Phunwang to Tibet to report the matter to Dalai Lama. Che Jigme was sent to do the same to Panchen Lama. Central government accepted the mistake in Kham but instructed that the reforms be improved and corrected. Harrowing experiences of reforms in Kham alerted Tibetan on the other side of Drichu, and Lhasa.

On December 5, 1956, Dalai Lama and Panchen Lama visited India to participate in the celebration of 2500th anniversary of the birth of the Buddha. They stayed for four months in India, during which Gyalo Dhondup and Taktser Rinpoche urged Dalai Lama to take refuge in India and that America will support Tibetan struggle. Zhou Enlai met Dalai Lama and Nehru in India. Nehru advised Dalai Lama to return. Ngobo, who was also with Dalai Lama’s entourage left before him and requested the central government to allow him to join Communist party. He further requested that in the event of PLA leaving Tibet, he and his family should also be taken with them. This seems to have alerted the central government.

Around 1958, anti rightist campaign started and local nationalism was opposed. Phunwang was called to Beijing and was accused of being harboring local nationalism. In 1960 he was formally arrested for counter revolutionary activities and was sent to Qingchen number one prison. He had hoped that one day Chairman Mao and Zhou Enlai would find out that he was innocent and would be released. However, he languished in prison for eighteen years. In January 1976, Zhou Enlai died and Mao in September in the same year.

Deng Xiaoping assumed power in 1978. He changed the course of Chinese history, ushering in a new era o politics, society and economy. In April 1978, Phunwang was released. He sent an appeal to Deng Xiaoping, Hu Yaobang, and Chen Yi. In March 1979, Gyalo Thondup, elder brother of Dalai Lama visited him. Later Panchen Lama also visited him. In the fall of 1979, he was invited to meet the first Tibetan Delegation from India. He was later rehabilitated politically.

In May 1980, Deng Xiaoping recognized the problem in Tibetan and sent Hu Yaobang to end the repressive “two whatevers” (adopted by Hua Guofeng and followed by Ren Rong in Tibet) approach and begin a new, culturally sensitive policy in Tibet. Hu’s visit was historic and he admitted the mistakes done in Tibet and publicly announced a liberal six-point reform program on Tibet. Central Committee approved a new directive, known as “Document no. 31”. It stated the under the unified leadership of the central government, Tibet could exercise true democracy, including the right to make its own decisions. Principal of “few and outstanding” Hans in Tibet would be followed.

In June 1980, Phunwang was asked to replace Tian Bao as governor of Tibet. But he refused on the ground that he needed time to get prepared. In fact he was not sure if he could really work as he thought in Tibet. But as Vice Director of Nationalities Commission of NPC, he actively participated in debate and in revising national constitution on Nationalities policy. Although many appreciated his view many criticized him for local nationalism. He was asked to confront Li Weihan, the aging Marxist theoretician who, among other positions, had headed the Seventeen-Point Agreement negotiation in 1951. In Tibet, Yin Fatang, first party secretary of TAR and his men accused Phunwang as one of the three enemies of the party, other two being Dalai Lama and Panchen Lama. In 1984, when Premier Zhao Ziyang came to know about the situation in Tibet, he said, “What is going on in Tibet is wrong, Economic development is the work priority for the nation-including Tibet. Phunwang and the Panchen Lama are both our people, and we are trying to win over the Dalai Lama. Therefore, it is wrong to make them objects of political attack.” Yin Fatang and Ragdi were asked to apologize to Phunwang.

In 1990, his work “New Exploration of Dialectics” was published. In 1994, his second book, “Water Exist in Liquid Form on the Moon” was published. In 1996, his third book, “Further Exploration of Natural Dialectics” came out.

Phunwang’s first wife was Tsilila. She died in prison in 1967. They had three sons and two daughters. His second wife is Tseden Yangdron, a Tibetan born in Lhasa.

I summarize this book hoping that it would inspire many young Tibetans to read this great book.

Book Review: A Tibetan Revolutionary



Book Review : A TIBETAN REVOLUTIONARY, (The Political Life and Times of Bapa Phuntso Wangye) by Melvyn C. Goldstein, Dawei Sherap, and William R. Siebenschuh
University of California Press, 2004
Reviewed by Tsewang Gyalpo Arya

A very inspiring and revealing accounts of a Tibetan, who in early 1940s foresaw an urgent need of reforms in Tibet and safeguarding it from the enemies within and without the border. Goldstein and his team greatly needs to be applauded for bringing alive this missing, untold and revealing historic account of life and the time of an unsung Tibetan revolutionary. The book clearly shows how Tibet have been betrayed and misruled by China since its occupation in 1950’s. It is a must read book for all the Tibetans, particularly the youngsters.

Bapa Phuntso Wangye was a true Tibetan communist revolutionary, who had wanted to bring reforms in Tibet and establish a true socialist state in Tibet. When he found that he could not bring the desired changes in Tibet, he joined Chinese Communist Party with a hope that CCP would usher a new era of socialism and prosperity in Tibet. His hope was based on his understanding of communist theory of equality of nationalities and languages. But his hope was betrayed when he found himself in incarceration for eighteen years, during which Tibet experienced unprecedented suffering and destruction under Chinese rule. Released in 1978, he was baffled to find that his dream of socialist Tibet governed by Tibetan has resulted in Chinese domination of Tibet. Despite many odds, he still continues to seek justice and genuine autonomy for Tibet.

Brought up in Batang, which was ruled by Chinese at that time, he was inspired deeply by the heroic exploits of Kesang Tsering, and his uncle Lobsang Dhondup, who rose against the Chinese overlords to establish a Tibetan rule in Kham. He tried to end Chinese influence in Kham and persuade Lhasa government to initiate reforms to get along with the modern world. When his effort failed, he joined Chinese Communist party to build a new socialist Tibet.

He studied Communist theory and Maxism-Leninism. He understood that the Soviet and Chinese Communist Parties advocated the equality of nationalities and repudiated the subordination of smaller nationalities to a larger, dominant one. And they advocated the right of all nationalities to real regional autonomy. So he and his comrades thought that being a part of the Chinese Communist Party would lead to the restructuring of Kham, and possibly the whole Tibetan area on both sides of the Drichu River, as an autonomous republic. Though this republic would be under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party and under Chinese sovereignty, Tibetans would control it. (Page 125)

To this effect, he worked hard and cooperated with the CCP to initiate reforms in Tibet. He accompanied PLA to Lhasa. He served as main go-between between Tibetan and Chinese authorities. He extolled the glory of communism and objectives of CCP to the Tibetan elite. He sincerely believed that the under the leadership of Chinese Communist party, Tibetan could build a modern socialist state. Marxism and Leninism that he has read all speak of equality of all nationalities under communist state.

Chinese leadership has also exhibited similar attitude. It was initially a liberation and not invasion of Tibet. From the book it looks like Mao and the central government were very keen on engaging Tibetans and introducing reforms in Tibet peacefully. Mao’s instructions to the Chinese general visiting Tibet and Chen Yi’s understanding of Tibetan situation were very positive. Mao’s reference to Dalai Lama to keep Tibetan National flag and the nationalities policy shows that Tibet would enjoy great degree of autonomy and that Tibetans would rule Tibet. Dalai Lama had also believed this and cooperated fully with the Chinese government. But the things did not go as planned initially.

Reforms in Kham were done in a rushed manner without people’s cooperation. Massacre and atrocities in Kham cautioned the Tibetan in other part of Drichu River. Despite the central government’s order, army general like Fan Fing showed great Han chauvinism and looked down upon the local people and rushed reforms in Tibet. On top of this Mao’s anti-rightist campaign in 1958 and Cultural revolution in 1960 exacerbated the Chinese misdemeanors in Tibet and Tibetan realized that the Chinese has come not to help Tibet build a modern socialist state but to rule and oppress.

Despite his wholehearted cooperation with the CCP and its agenda, he was accused of counter revolutionary activities for harboring local nationalism and seeking independence for Tibet. He was imprisoned for 18 long years. It was only after the death of Mao, that Deng Xiaoping released him in 1979. He was appointed as vice-director of the Nationalities Commission of the National People’s Congress. He spoke openly for equality of all nationalities. He has suggested some crucial amendments in Chinese constitution to give Tibet its rightful place under the law of the land.

From Phunwang’s life, the authors have very well summarized Tibet issue as predominantly a clash between the political dominance of a majority nationality, the Han, and the political subordination of a minority nationality, the Tibetans. The PRC considers itself a multiethnic State in which all groups have equal rights and power. But Phunwang suggest that situation in Tibet really operates too much like a Han Chinese State. He was of the opinion that fundamental issue was developing a proper relationship between two nationalities and two cultures. Marxism-Leninism is totally opposed to one nationality oppressing others and believes there should be real equality between the nationalities. When such equality is absent, Marxism considers that the minority nationalities are justified in seeking separation. Therefore, the splitist activities of Tibetans are justified.

He urged the Chinese leadership to study the Marxist theory on this issue of equality of nationalities. He made his point that the ruling (oppressing) nationality typically emphasizes in its rhetoric the unity of all nationalities (minzu tuanjie), and vigorously opposes the struggles of minority nationalities against the state, labeling these pejoratively as “splittist” activities that seek to destroy the nation. However, from the Marxist standpoint, the struggle of minority nationalities against oppression by the majority nationality is correct and justified because there is no equality. In the absence of true equality, splittism is a valid response for minority nationalities in class-based societies. All should be equal, and there should be complete unity and cooperation among nationalities. Nationality unity, therefore, requires not suppression but new policies that provide real equality.

Lenin has said, “We require that there be sovereign equality between nationalities in a country” (The collected work of Lenin vol. 19). True national equality, therefore, means that the party/state should admit and respect the rights of the minorities to make decisions in the fields of politics, economy, culture, and so on. “Only this will solve the issue of separatist feelings and activities.” (p295)

“Those who do not agree with and support the equality of nationalities and languages and those who do not fight against nationality oppression and inequality are not Marxists or even socialists” (The collected work of Lenin, vol.20). And Stalin had said that the people of a certain nationality use their own language because using their own language is the only way for them to develop their own culture, politics, and economy” (The Collected Works of Stalin, vol II) (p296)

The quotes taken from the works of Lenin and Stalin by Phunwang clearly reveals that CCP has denied Tibet of its right of equality of nationalities and language. So Tibetans have every right to fight against nationality oppression and inequality in Tibet.

If PRC sincerely consider Tibet as a part of great Motherland and is genuine about the interest of Tibetan people, it should stop its oppressive rule in Tibet and let Tibetan build its own socialist state. As stated by Hu Yaobang, (General Secretary of CCP in 1980s) that under the unified leadership of the central government, Tibet should have freedom to exercise true democracy, including the right to make its own decisions. Principal of “few and outstanding Hans” advocated at that time needs to be followed. Chinese leadership needs to look back and see if the liberal six-point reform program suggested by Hu Yaobang has been implemented in Tibet or not. As long as the Chinese Hans and PLA continue to rule Tibet, Tibetan will continue to seek separation. If PRC want Tibet to join the great motherland, it should give Tibet to Tibetans. It should stop Han domination and Chinese population transfer to Tibet, because this is against the interest of minority and against the principle of Marx and Lenin.

Thus His Holiness the Dalai Lama’s calls for genuine autonomy for Tibet is within the framework of Chinese constitution. And Tibetans are justified to seek separation if this genuine autonomy is denied to them. Chinese leadership should therefore, admit the wrongs it had done and be bold enough to address the Tibetan issue sincerely and seriously.

Young Tibetans must read this book to gain a different perspective of our struggle. The book also clearly tells us that it is not the communism that razed Tibet but the Chinese leaders who misinterpreted the ideology to invade Tibet. For what the Chinese leadership had done and is doing in Tibet is against the principle of Marx and Lenin, and against the Chinese constitution.

Special Prayers in Tokyo

Special Prayers for the Flood and Mudslide Victims held in Tokyo
[Tibet House Japan, Friday 20 August 2010]

Tokyo: A special prayer service for the flood and mudslide victims in India, Pakistan, Tibet and China was held at Joenji, a Japanese Buddhist Temple in Tokyo. Liaison Office of His Holiness the Dalai Lama for Japan and East Asia organized the prayer session; around forty Tibetans and Japanese participated.
Mr. Tsewang Gyalpo Arya of the Liaison Office briefed the gravity of the situation in the affected area and said that this prayer session is in tandem with the prayers held in Dharamsala and Tibetan settlements throughout India and abroad. He said that the prayer is for the peace of those deceased, and for early normalization of the lives of those affected, and to pray that such disasters are not repeated.

Regarding the mudslide disaster in Drugchu area of Tibet, which claimed the lives of more than 1300 Chinese and Tibetans and many rendered homeless, Mr. Arya said that the disaster is viewed by some experts and environmentalists as "a man made disaster". "Through this prayer service we would also like to appeal to the Chinese leadership to refrain from further damaging the already fragile ecology of Tibet." He said.

Mr. Lobsang, Vice President of Tibetan Community in Japan [TCJ] led the prayers. Recitation of Tara and Heart sutra, [Dolma and Sherab Nyingpo], Guru prayers and Mani mantra etc were done. As Tibetan texts with Japanese translation and transliteration were made available, the Japanese participants also recited the prayers along with the Tibetans. Japanese version of Heart Sutra, Hangya Shingyo was also offered.

Mr. Arya thanked the participants, and took the opportunity to thank the Japanese public for their generous donation for Kyegudo Earthquake Relief Fund. A brief report on how the fund has been transferred to the Relief Committee in India was also made. He further appealed for similar relief assistance for the affected areas in Ladhak, and Drugchu in Tibet.

The participants offered butter lamps at the altar, some made donation for the relief activities. Many expressed shock and sympathy.

Monday, August 23, 2010

Mudslide Disaster in Drugchu, Tibet

Mudslide Disaster in Drugchu [Chinese: Zhouqu]: A Man-Made Disaster.
August 18, 2010

The recent mudslide tragedy in Tibetan area of Drugchu [Chinese: Zhouqu] in Eastern Tibet has claimed lives of more than 1200 people with around 600 are still missing. Damage to the public and private properties and livestock is huge, and many people are rendered homeless. People in the region, both Tibetan and Chinese people are undergoing great mental and physical pain because of this tragedy. Chinese government has declared Aug 14 as a national mourning day.

But who is to blame for this disaster? Is it a natural disaster or a man-made disaster?

Since the Chinese occupation of Tibet, China has always looked upon Tibet as a conquered colony to be exploited to the best of China's benefit. Although China keep asserting that Tibet is a part of China, in the heart of heart, Chinese leaders have never looked on Tibet as a part of the motherland. China engaged in rampant skinning of the Tibetan mountains, felling the trees and diverting the course of rivers, this is the root cause of the disaster.

Recent floods and mudslides in Tibet, China, India and Pakistan is a clear warning from the Mother Nature that she could no longer bear the greedy hyenas' assault on her body. The guardian spirits of the rivers of Tibet, which sustained the lives and soil of major South East Asian countries for the past many years, are also not happy.

Brahmaputra, Sutlej and Indus rivers of India and Pakistan emanates from Tibet. Nu, Thalween and Salween of China, Burma and Thailand are one river whose origin is Gyalmo Nyulchu of Tibet. Zachu river of Tibet is the famous Mekong River nourishing the people in China, Burma, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. Drichu and Machu rivers of Tibet are the source of Yangtse and Hwang Ho River, the origin of Chinese civilization. From this we can deduce the importance of Tibetan ecology.

China is currently trying to divert the course of some of these rivers to its arid provinces. They are trying to contain the flow of river like Brahmaputra by building dams. This will greatly affect the lives of farmers in Bangladesh and India whose fields depends on this river for irrigation.

The recent mudslide tragedy, which claimed the lives of so many people and left so many displaced in Drugchu area of Eastern Tibet is not a natural disaster. It is a disaster brought about by the decree of a greedy regime bent on recklessly exploiting the natural resources of its conquered territory.

Ecology of Tibet is not a Tibetan problem alone; it affects all the South East Asian countries that live by the waters from the rivers originating from High Plateau of Tibet.

Much before the modern world was talking of environment, Tibetans lived in close harmony with the nature. Serene and unexploited Tibetan mountains, forest and rivers were the abode of gods and deities of Tibet. But the abode of Chenrezig Avaloketsvara, the Buddha of compassion is now melting faster than expected by the experts.

Chinese communist leadership should not avoid the scene by merely observing a national mourning day; it should thoroughly look into the cause of this disaster and refrain from further damaging the fragile ecology of Tibet. The best is to leave the Tibetan environment in the hand of Tibetans with their ancient Rigya rLung-gya concept of environmental protection and harmony, so that disasters like these are not repeated.